How to adjust bicycle hub cones

Most people who start learning how to fix their own bicycles quickly learn the basics but have no idea How to adjust bicycle hub cones. Adjusting bicycle hub cones can be a tedious, difficult task, but the result of a professionally adjusted wheel is well worth the effort.

The adjustment of bicycle hub cones is often done when wheel bearings become loose or difficulties arise with hub backlash. There are a few things you can do to make this task easier. Of course, if you feel the task is too difficult, you can always take it to a local bike shop.

Before you start, there are a few things you should have. Be sure to have an adjustable spanner / hex wrench, a cone wrench set, a quick-release skewer or nut and washer set, and some grease. Once you have all your materials ready, the next step is to remove the wheel and release the cone clamp.

Using your adjustable spanner / hex wrench, loosen the cone clamp. If your cone isn’t adjustable, then you’ll have to use a cone wrench set. You’ll need to remove the cone adjustment nut, which secures the cone and holds it in place.

Once the cone adjustment nut is removed, use your cone wrench set to unscrew the cone from the hub shell. This step is the most difficult and time consuming part of the process. Be sure to take your time so you don’t damage the cone.

Next, you’ll want to spread a thin layer of grease over the bearing and on the axle before you put it back in place again. Grease will help the wheel spin smoother and easier. Once the grease is applied, screw the cone back in using your cone wrench set. Tighten it just enough that the cone isn’t loose and free to move.

You may find that you need to make a small adjustment to the cone to get it back in place. To do this, hold the cone in position while tightening the cone adjustment nut. You may need to hold it for a few seconds before it’s in place and the nut is secure.

Finally, re-install the quick-release skewer or nut and washer set. You may have to make a few tries to get the skewer perfectly centered. When you’re finished, spin the wheel to ensure that it spins smoothly and that the hub cones are adjusted to the correct position.

Adjusting bicycle hub cones isn’t a difficult job, but it can be time consuming. However, the end result will be well worth it when you have a smooth-running wheel. When you’re finished, enjoy your nice, smooth ride!

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